Primary prevention early in life: effects of the pro kind intervention in adolescence.


The Pro Kind home visiting program for first-time socially disadvantaged mothers. Midwifes and social workers offer support to the mothers from pregnancy to the child's second birthday. The primary goal is to promote child health and development. The program was initially implemented between 2006 and 2012 and evaluated in a randomized controlled design. The ProKindLang study is a follow-up study investigates the long-term effectiveness of Pro Kind at child age 12-14. A bio-psycho-social evaluation will examine the long-term impact of the intervention on the child and the maternal health. In addition, a cost-benefit analysis using econometric methods will be conducted to assess the monetary savings to the health and social system. The responsibility of BIPS is to conduct a qualitative interview study to evaluate the changes in program implementation in terms of its structural integration in the field of early childhood interventions. The overall goal is to gain insights into conditions for a sustainable implementation of preventive interventions early in life.

Funding period

Begin:   July 2020
End:   June 2023


  • Federal Ministry of Education and Research


Dr. phil. Tilman Brand

Project coordination (national)

Dr. Sören Kliem, Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen, Hannover, Deutschland


  • Prof. Sören Kliem (Ernst-Abbe-Hochschule Jena)
  • Dr. Malte Sandner (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB))


Pro Kind Foundation