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Review of effectiveness in primary prevention and workplace health promotion

Description

This study aims to review the evidence base for effective interventions in primary prevention and workplace health promotion. The review includes interventions from different fields (physical activity, healthy eating, mental health and substance abuse) delivered in different settings (child day-care centers, schools, workplaces and communities). As a review of review, this study integrates results from available systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
A systematic literature serach was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Campbell Collabration, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effetcs, NICE, PsycInfo and ERIC. We included systematic reviews published between 2007-2012 in English or German including randomized controlled trial and / or other primary studies with control groups. After screening titles and abstracts, we reviewed full texts and conducted a critical appraisal using the AMSTAR criteria.
Overall, 139 reviews were included. Many of them reported methodological weaknesses of the primary studies (e.g., self-report outcome measures). Results indicate strong evidence for interventions for obesity prevention in schools. Despite serveral promising approaches among the other intervention fields and settings, the evidence was still insufficient. Specifically, there is a need for more vigorous resarch on environment-oriented approaches and community-based interventions.

Funding period

Begin:   June 2013
End:   October 2013

Sponsor

  • Federal Association of the AOK Statutory Health Insurance Providers

Contact

Dr. phil. Tilman Brand

Cooperation

  • Dr. Klaus Giersiepen (Zentrum für Sozialpolitik (ZeS), Universität Bremen)

Selected project-related publications

    Articles with peer-review

  • Müllmann S, Landgraf-Rauf K, Brand T, Zeeb H, Pischke CR. Wirksamkeit von schulbasierten Interventionen zur Prävention und/oder Reduktion psychosozialer Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Ein Review von Reviews. Das Gesundheitswesen. 2017;79(4):252-260.
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-108648
  • Pöttgen S, Samkange-Zeeb F, Brand T, Steenbock B, Pischke CR. Wie wirksam sind schulbasierte Interventionen zur Prävention und/oder Reduktion von Substanzkonsum bei Schülern/-innen in Grund- und Sekundarschulen? Eine systematische Übersicht vorhandener Reviews. Das Gesundheitswesen. 2015;58(6):609-619.
    https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1547275
  • Steenbock B, Pischke CR, Schönbach J, Pöttgen S, Brand T. Wie wirksam sind ernährungs- und bewegungsbezogene primärpräventive Interventionen im Setting Kita? Ein Review von Reviews. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz. 2015;58(6):609-619.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-014-2100-7
  • Brand T, Pischke CR, Steenbock B, Schönbach J, Pöttgen S, Samkange-Zeeb F, Zeeb H. What works in community-based interventions promoting physical activity and healthy eating? A review of reviews. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014;11(6):5866-5888.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110605866
  • Presentations at scientific meetings/conferences

  • Steenbock B, Pischke CR, Schönbach J, Pöttgen S, Brand T. The effectiveness of primary prevention interventions promoting physical activity and healthy eating in preschool children. 7th European Public Health Conference (EUPHA), 19-22 November 2014, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
  • Posters at scientific meetings/conferences

  • Landgraf-Rauf K, Pöttgen S, Samkange-Zeeb F, Brand T, Steenbock B, Pischke CR. Effectiveness of school-based programs aimed to reduce psychological problems among children and adolescents - A review of reviews. 7th European Public Health Conference (EUPHA), 19-22 November 2014, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
  • Atens-Kahlenberg Wv, Steenbock B, Bosche H, Schönbach J, Brand T, Zeeb H. Ernährungs- und Bewegungsförderung in Kindertagesstätten - Systematische Literaturrecherche zur Evidenz und Erfahrungen aus der Praxis. "Gesund ins Leben". 3. Kongress des Netzwerks Junge Familie, 3. Dezember 2013, Berlin.